Safety issues are equally relevant at home and abroad, but legal requirements vary from country to country. Late caravanning expert John Wickersham gives us some points to consider when touring and towing abroad.
Up and away
On a recent trip I made a silly mistake. Although my caravan and motorhome are both permanently packed with safety gear for European travel, I was commissioned to test a new motorhome in France. Whilst the test vehicle had many of the obligatory items on board, I was pleased to find a checklist provided by DFDS Seaways at Dover. For instance, a fire extinguisher is strongly recommended. And yes, you guessed it... mine had been left in their wall-mounts at home. How fortunate that caravanning fire extinguishers are one of the many products sold in DFDS’ on-board shops! Now let’s check some more safety matters.
Many people driving large towing vehicles believe that they don’t need extension mirrors. That is seldom correct and legal requirements are clear. In addition, before you drive on the right, a re-adjustment of the mirrors is often required, so carry this out as soon as possible after disembarkation. Well-adjusted extension mirrors are crucial whether driving at home or abroad.
On some vehicles, headlight adjustments to suit right hand driving can only be carried out by a specialist dealer. A few vehicles have a built-in adjustment facility, while others can accept one of the masking products sold at car accessory shops that prevents a UK vehicle from dazzling oncoming vehicles. Many UK drivers fit headlamp masking products when awaiting their ferry at Dover.
If a UK registered vehicle’s number plate doesn’t include the Euro-Symbol of stars and its member state identification letter(s), a GB sticker or plate is obligatory. In addition, it is normally required if you are outside the EU, even when your number plate bears the Euro-Symbol and member-state ID. In some countries, a fine might be imposed if a nationality plate is missing.
Following the UK's vote to leave the EU last June, the question of whether the Euro-Symbol of stars will have to be removed or not has been floated with the DVLA. Currently, it is too early to tell what will happen. Until we officially leave the European Union, current laws remain in place.
Many motorhome owners tow a trailer to carry a car or other support vehicle. However, in some countries such as Spain, the police disapprove of towing a support car with an ‘A’ frame. Trailers achieve wider approval but remember to take a spare wheel for your trailer as well. Motorhome owners need to be aware of a country’s towing laws relating to the transport of support vehicles.
Many new vehicles are now supplied with a warning triangle as standard equipment. However, in Andorra, France, Slovenia and Spain it’s a legal requirement to carry two. After an incident, hazard lights are very helpful but are not deemed to be an alternative provision. Triangle placement is critical, too. In some countries it is now obligatory to carry and display two warning triangles.
Legislation regarding the compliance of reflective jackets with EN471, Class Two guidelines is becoming more rigorous in many EU countries. In roadside incidents, wearing one is mandatory in more and more countries. It should also be kept within a towcar or motorhome so it can be worn as soon as you exit the vehicle. It makes sense to carry reflective jackets for all members in your towcar or motorhome.
Spare light bulbs
In many countries it is a legal requirement to carry spare bulbs for your vehicle’s road lights. It also makes sense to have similar provision for a caravan. However, legal requirements are often being updated and there may be revisions because some vehicles are now equipped with LED lighting instead of bulbs. In some instances, bulb kits are available for particular models.
In spite of delays in final implementation, the French Government, made it obligatory for all vehicles travelling in France to be carrying NF approved alcohol breathalysers. Various products are now being introduced and inexpensive twin pack kits are often sold by ferry operators. Alcohol levels are often less tolerant abroad and carrying self-test breathalysers is obligatory in France.
First Aid Kit
Caravan and motorhome owners recognise the wisdom of carrying a first aid kit and some vehicle manufacturers supply one as a standard item, too. In some countries, which include Austria, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia, it is mandatory to carry a first aid kit. A comprehensive first aid kit is strongly recommended and in some countries it is a legal requirement.
Carrying an approved fire extinguisher is recommended in vehicles and it is a legal requirement in Greece. Many caravans are also equipped with a smoke alarm, and since 1st Sept 2011, National Caravan Council approved caravans have been fitted with a carbon monoxide detector. Fire extinguishers for caravans/motorhomes are often on sale in the shops on channel ferries.
Periodic checks on tyre pressures are important, especially if you engage on major journeys. Tyre check and inflation areas are quite often provided at motorway service areas in mainland Europe but an accurate reading is only possible when your tyres are cold. Take a break for refreshments before checking tyre pressures; readings are misleadingly higher when tyres are hot.
It’s essential that laden caravans and motorhomes are periodically checked on a weighbridge, but never more so than before a long holiday abroad. Thousands of owners never bother and their units are dangerously over-loaded as police roadside checks have revealed. Never exceed the laden limits for your car/caravan or motorhome. A visit to a weighbridge often reveals that an outfit’s illegal.
For further guidance Caravan Europe – guide to sites and touring Published by The Caravan Club and available to non-members through all good book retailers and The Club website: caravanclub.co.uk/overseas-holidays/holiday-ideas/brochures-and-guides/
Mirror extensions http://www.mycaravan.org.uk/Mirrors.html
Headlight deflectors https://shop.theaa.com/store/home/aa-headlamp-beam-converters
Nationality plate http://www.autocar.co.uk/car-news/new-york-motor-show/quick-news-bmw-x5-edrive-eu-mulls-number-plate-changes
Spare lightbulbs https://www.amazon.co.uk/UNIVERSAL-SPARE-INCLUDING-BULBS-FUSES/dp/B007BE4XQU
Tyre pressure http://www.withoutahitch.com.au/caravan/correct-caravan-tyre-pressures/
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